okd – The Origin Community Distribution of Kubernetes that powers Red Hat OpenShift.

Built around a core of OCI container packaging and Kubernetes container cluster management, OKD is also augmented by application lifecycle management functionality and DevOps tooling. OKD provides a complete open source container application platform.

OKD is a distribution of Kubernetes optimized for continuous application development and multi-tenant deployment. OKD adds developer and operations-centric tools on top of Kubernetes to enable rapid application development, easy deployment and scaling, and long-term lifecycle maintenance for small and large teams. OKD is the upstream Kubernetes distribution embedded in Red Hat OpenShift.

KD embeds Kubernetes and extends it with security and other integrated concepts. OKD is also referred to as Origin in github and in the documentation. An OKD release corresponds to the Kubernetes distribution – for example, OKD 1.10 includes Kubernetes 1.10. If you are looking for enterprise-level support, or information on partner certification, Red Hat also offers Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform.

Find out more at its website.

Changes between Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and 7

The distribution RHEL 7.x comes with a lot of changes on the administration side. Make sure you are aware of those and plan the migration of your infrastructure.

Paket manager Yum shifts to DNF

Yum is going to be deprecated and replaced by DNF.  It brings some significant changes:

  • Faster, more mathematically correct method for solving dependency resolution
  • A “clean”, well documented Python API with C bindings &
  • Python 3 support

DNF or Dandified yum is the next generation version of yum. It roughly maintains CLI compatibility with yum and defines a strict API for extensions and plugins. Plugins can modify or extend features of DNF or provide additional CLI commands on top of those mentioned below. If you know the name of such a command (including commands mentioned bellow), you may find/install the package which provides it using the appropriate virtual provide in the form of dnf-command(<alias>) where <alias> is the name of the command; e.g. dnf-command(repoquery) for a repoquery command (the same applies to specifying dependencies of packages that require a particular command).

Isn’t this a Release by Another Name?

No, DNF marks a shift, and not just a fork to Python 3, C support and cleaner docs.  The move to libsolv, librepo and a slim, planned API means Yum’s organic sprawl and bespoke depsolving are being phased out.

The shift solves old depsolving problems and readies DNF for some of the changes afoot in the devops world — e.g. empowered and independent devops-ers who don’t want to reinvent the wheel on each deploy.  Whether that warrants more than a major release is a bike-shed argument.

System and command changes between RHEL 6 and RHEL 7

Between RHEL6 and RHEL7 there are a number of changes to tools, commands, and workflows. Changes that are likely to affect common administrative tasks are listed here:

  • Anaconda RHEL installer completely redesigned
  • Legacy GRUB boot loader replaced by GRUB2
  • Procedure for bypassing root password prompt at boot completely different3
  • SysV init system and all related tools replaced by systemd
  • ext4 replaced by xfs as default filesystem type
  • Directories /bin/sbin/lib and /lib64 are now all under the /usr directory
  • Network interfaces have a new naming scheme based on physical device location (e.g., eth0 might become enp0s3)7
  • ntpd replaced by chronyd as the default network time protocol daemon
  • GNOME2 replaced by GNOME3 as default desktop environment
  • System registration and subscription now handled exclusively with Red Hat Subscription Management (RHSM)
  • MySQL replaced by Mariadb
  • tgtd replaced by targetcli
  • High Availability Add-On: RGManager removed as resource-management option (in favor of Pacemaker); all CMAN features merged into Corosync (qdiskd replaced by votequorum plugin); all tools unified into pcs
  • ifconfig and route commands are further deprecated in favor of ip
  • netstat further deprecated in favor of ss
  • System user UID range extended from 0-499 to 0-999
  • locate no longer available by default; (available as mlocate package)
  • nc (netcat) replaced by nmap-ncat

Read more information on the support pages of RedHat

34C3 – Chaos Computer Congress

This year, the Chaos Computer Congress opened his doors in Leipzig.
About 15000 visitors joined the presentation & questions sessions.

All sessions have been recorded and are provided in various formats:




Manage Linux users and client hosts in your realm from one central location with CLI, Web UI or RPC access. Enable Single Sign On authentication for all your systems, services and applications.


Define Kerberos authentication and authorization policies for your identities. Control services like DNS, SUDO, SELinux or autofs.


Create mutual trust with other Identity Management systems like Microsoft Active Directory.

Main features

  • Integrated security information management solution combining Linux (Fedora), 389 Directory ServerMIT Kerberos, NTP, DNSDogtag certificate systemSSSD and others.
  • Built on top of well known Open Source components and standard protocols
  • Strong focus on ease of management and automation of installation and configuration tasks.
  • Full multi master replication for higher redundancy and scalability
  • Extensible management interfaces (CLI, Web UI, XMLRPC and JSONRPC API) and Python SDK

Read more:

Linux distribution – Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is released in server versions for x86, x86-64, Itanium, PowerPC and IBM System z, and desktop versions for x86 and x86-64. All of Red Hat’s official support and training and the Red Hat Certification Program centers around the Red Hat Enterprise Linux platform. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is often abbreviated to RHEL, although this is not an official designation.

RHEL Website:


RedHat about RHEL:

Linux distribution – Fedora (RedHat)

Fedora is a Linux-based operating system, a suite of software that makes your computer run. You can use the Fedora operating system to replace or to run alongside of other operating systems such as Microsoft Windows™ or Mac OS X™. The Fedora operating system is 100% free of cost for you to enjoy and share.

Learn more about what Fedora is, the community that creates it, and why we make it at our About Fedora page.

Fedora’s Website:


Fedoras Quickview:

Fedora and RedHat: